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Recent Research Grants

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kevinkelleher
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Recent Research Grants
Posted on: January 30 2010, 12:49 pm

Research into Young Undocumented Migrants

http://www.staff.city.ac.uk/yum/

 

The Paul Hamlyn Foundation has recently awarded a research grant  to explore and understand the lives of young undocumented migrants from their own perspectives. £183,840 has been awarded to Dr Alice Bloch from the Department of Sociology, City University in partnership with Professor Roger Zetter, Director of the Refugee Studies Centre, Oxford. The Evelyn Oldfield Unit will be an advisory partner throughout the project to support the development of networks, aspects of the research process and capacity building. The project team will also work in partnership with a number of organisations involved with young undocumented migrants in the regions of the study.  These partnerships are crucial both to the success of the research project and in facilitating the wider capacity building and networking objectives that will enable organisations to work more effectively with young undocumented migrants - a key component of the Paul Hamlyn Foundationís Social Justice Programme, launched a year ago. The Social Justice Programme sets out to understand the lives and listen to the voices of marginalised young people, up to the age of 30, and to provide opportunities for individuals to become integrated. 

 

The research will begin in early 2008 and will be completed in 2009. It will comprise 60 in-depth interviews and 20 testimonies from young undocumented migrants from five countries of origin. The countries of origin will be Zimbabwe, Brazil, China, Turkey and one Eastern European country. The countries of origin included in the research will allow very recent and less recent migrants to be interviewed enabling a better understanding of how experiences are shaped and choices are made by young people over time. The research aims to build up a picture of interviewees social and economic lives in the UK and the ways in which their undocumented status impacts on their lives and choices. The countries of origin will ensure that young people with different immigration histories, including student and work permit overstayers, those trafficked for indentured labour and refused asylum seekers, are included in the study.

 

A regional approach will be adopted to ensure that metropolitan, town and rural areas are included and will allow for an exploration of livelihoods in different types of employment sectors. It will use rigorous methodological approaches for selecting and protecting interviewees. A key element will be to recognize the contribution made by organizations and individuals participating in the research by making a return contribution to them in appropriate ways.

 

The research is built on a successful scoping study (April- July 2007) which undertook focus group interviews with individuals and organisations in contact with young undocumented migrants in several areas of England. The focus groups highlighted the need to understand at first hand the complexity of the life processes, decisions and choices of young undocumented migrants, set within the context of their undocumented status. The research will therefore focus on the voices of young undocumented migrants about which little is known and will explore and develop the key themes around lives and livelihoods identified in the scoping study including: experiences of employment; social networks; community involvement; links and obligations with friends and family in their country of origin; how being undocumented impacts on their lives and the longer term goals and aspirations of young undocumented migrants.

 

If you wish to find out more about the project or contact the research team please contact:

Alice Bloch, Dept of Sociology, City University: a.bloch@city.ac.uk , or

Kirsteen Tait, Paul Hamlyn Foundation adviser: rking@phf.org.uk

PHF will produce updates  on the progress of the research.

 

 
HIV/AIDS and the well-being of children in sub-Saharan Africa: A cross-national comparative analysis

 

by Monica Magadi

 

The scale and impact of HIV/AIDS on various aspects of development throughout the world are staggering.  The impact is most profoundly reflected in the lives of children, whose very survival and development are at jeopardy. It is estimated that almost three million children worldwide under the age of 15 years are infected with the HIV/AIDS virus or living with AIDS, over 2.7 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa. Another 15 million under the age of 18 have lost one or both parents to AIDS. About 12 million of these live in sub-Saharan Africa, and the number is expected to exceed 18 million by 2010. In some countries of southern Africa, children who have been orphaned by AIDS comprise more than half of all orphans nationally, reaching a high of 77-78 percent in Zimbabwe and Botswana. The scale of the AIDS orphans crisis is masked by the time lag between infection and death, implying that the crisis will continue to grow for many years, even in countries where HIV/AIDS prevalence has started to decline. As astounding as these figures are, they reflect only a fraction of the number of children whose lives will have been radically affected by the impact of AIDS. Millions of other children are subjected to psychological distress, economic pressures and responsibilities of caring for ailing parents and siblings, sometimes leading to withdrawal from school, even while the HIV-infected parents are still alive.

 

Despite the large number of on-going initiatives to address the crisis of AIDS orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa, responding to the crisis of children affected by HIV/AIDS is not yet seen as a global priority. No single agency can effectively respond to the myriad of problems created by the epidemic, but well informed concerted international effort can make an important contribution. Stronger data and evidence, including differential analysis of the contextual situation of children affected, has been identified as one of the key challenges to global response. Previous studies in various settings of sub-Saharan Africa have examined differences between HIV/AIDS orphans and vulnerable children (OVC), and non-OVC in relation to household poverty, education and child health and survival, but consistent patterns are yet to emerge. Furthermore, the adverse impact of the HIV/AIDS crisis is evolving very quickly, calling for up-to-date strong evidence to inform on-going global and national efforts.

 

The UK Medical Research Council (MRC) has awarded Monica Magadi a research grant of £313,592  for a study on HIV/AIDS and the well-being of children in sub-Saharan Africa. This study builds on evidence from previous work in this area and involves a comprehensive analysis of the link between HIV/AIDS and the well-being of children at different stages in life: from infancy and early childhood, through middle childhood, to adolescence.  The study takes advantage of the recent international Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data on HIV/AIDS infection to incorporate analysis of the experiences of children whose parents are infected with HIV/AIDS, an area that has received little attention in previous large-scale studies.  Although previous studies have no doubt made an important contribution to our understanding of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the well-being of children in sub-Saharan Africa, a consensus is yet to emerge for a number of indicators.  In some cases, the findings appear contradictory, which calls for further research to improve understanding of the interplay of the various factors involved.  The use of rigorous statistical techniques in this study will improve our understanding of the interplay of different factors involved and help clarify apparent inconsistencies in some previous studies. Furthermore, most of the existing evidence is based on data for the 1990s.  Given the fast-evolving nature of the HIV/AIDS crisis and its adverse impacts, there is urgent need for more up-to-date evidence to better inform national and international policy and programme efforts aimed at addressing the adverse impact of HIV/AIDS on the well-being of children.  This study will use the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data collected in early to mid 2000s to provide up-to-date evidence of the situation of OVC.  The comparative nature of DHS data, along with the availability of HIV/AIDS test data from recent surveys, provides a unique opportunity for a comparative study of the situation of children in different contexts with respect to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

 

This is a three-year project, being implemented between January 2008 and December 2010. The Principal Investigator (Monica Magadi) will execute the project jointly with a Research Associate who will work full-time on the project throughout the project duration. The project builds on Monicaís previous research on the socio-economic and demographic impact of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, including a recent USAID funded study on the link between HIV/AIDS and fertility patterns in Kenya.

 

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http://www.city.ac.uk/sociology/Department_News/Recent_Research_Grants.html
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